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Black Hairy Tongue and its Symptoms

Black hairy tongue


The name Black Hairy Tongue may sound scary, but the situation is harmless. A black hairy tongue is caused by bacteria and fungi in the mouth, causing the language to appear black and fuzzy. It is easily cured with good old oral hygiene.

A black hairy tongue is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria and yeast in the mouth. Bacteria accumulate in small round projections called nipples. These are along the surface of the tongue. Instead of falling out, as usual, the nipples begin to grow and grow, forming hair-like projections. They can grow up to 15 times their standard size.



Often, the appearance of the tongue is the only symptom and is harmless. In some cases, symptoms such as burning sensation, tickling, nausea, bad breath, and unusual-tasting foods may occur.


A black hairy tongue that persists after improved oral hygiene and other treatment attempts can be treated with vitamin A-related medications such as antifungals, mouthwashes, or retinoids.

Another best way to treat a black hairy tongue is to practice good oral hygiene. Gently brush your teeth twice a day with a soft toothbrush. Brush your tongue too. You can use the tongue scraper to make sure the area is thoroughly cleaned. Drink plenty of water all day to keep your mouth clean.

Surgical treatment with laser or electric current is an option if nothing else has resolved.

Black tongue (or black hairy tongue) is a harmless (benign) condition. Even though the name sounds scary, the condition is not usually a cause for worry. Read more about it on verywellhealth.com

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