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Bone Metastasis and its Symptoms-

Bone Metastasis

Bone is a common site of metastasis and often indicates a short-term prognosis for cancer patients. Once cancer has spread to the bone, it rarely gets better, but it can often be treated to slow tumor growth. Most skeletal metastases are due to breast and prostate cancer. Bone metastases are much more common than primary bone cancer, especially in adults. Diagnosis is based on signs, symptoms, and images. New drugs and new interventions provide these patients with a better quality of life and improve life expectancy. Treatment of patients with bone metastases requires an interdisciplinary approach.

Symptoms

If you develop a skeletal event or SRE as a complication of bone metastases, symptoms include:

  1. Sudden severe pain and inactivity. This could be a sign of breakage.
  2. Pain in the back or neck, numbness or weakness in parts of the body, or difficulty urinating or defecating. All may indicate spinal cord compression. In spinal cord compression, the broken vertebrae compress the nerves that control various physical functions in the spinal cord.
  3. Fatigue, weakness, nausea, loss of appetite, and dehydr,aan All of these can indicate very high calcium levels in the blood due to bone breakdown.

Treatment

Common treatments for bone metastases include medication, radiation therapy, and surgery. Which treatment is best for you depends on the details of your condition.

Medication

 Medications used in people with bone metastases

A drug that builds bone. Medicines commonly used to treat people with thin bones (osteoporosis) can also help bone metastases. These drugs can strengthen bones, reduce pain caused by bone metastases, and reduce the need for strong analgesics. Bone-forming drugs can also reduce the risk of developing new bone metastases.

Chemical treatment. If cancer has spread to more than one bone, your doctor may recommend chemotherapy. Chemotherapy travels throughout the body to fight cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be taken as tablets are given intravenously or both. Side effects depend on the chemotherapeutic drug given to you. For cancer-sensitive cancers, chemotherapy may be the best way to relieve pain caused by bone metastases.

Hormone therapy. For cancers sensitive to hormones in the body, treatments that suppress these hormones may be an option. Breast and prostate cancers are generally exposed to hormone blockade therapy.

People diagnosed with metastatic cancer that has spread to the bones can safely participate in supervised exercise programs, according to a review of 17 studies. You can read more about breastcancer.org

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