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How bartholin's cyst can affect your health?

Bartholin’s Cyst

Bartholin’s glands are located on both sides of the vaginal opening. These glands secrete fluids that help smooth the vagina.

The openings in these glands can be blocked and fluid can flow back into the glands.

The result is a relatively painless swelling called a Bartholin’s cyst. When fluid in the cyst becomes infected, it may form a collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue (abscess).


If you have small, uninfected Bartholin’s cysts, you may not notice them. As the cyst grows, you may feel a lump or lump near the vaginal opening. Cysts are usually painless, but they can also soften.

A full-blown infection with Bartholin’s cyst can develop within a few days. If the cyst becomes infected, you may experience:

  • Fever and chills
  • Pain that worsens and makes it difficult to walk, sit, or move
  • Area swelling
  • Cyst drainage


Bartholin’s cysts often do not require treatment, especially if the cyst does not cause any signs or symptoms. If necessary, treatment depends on the size of the cyst, the level of discomfort, and whether or not there is an infection that can lead to an abscess.

The treatment options recommended by your doctor are:

1- Sitz bath. Soaking in a bathtub (sitz bath) filled with a few inches of warm water several times a day for 3-4 days will help the small infected cysts to rupture and drain naturally.

2- Surgical drainage. Surgery may be required to remove infected or very large cysts. Cyst drainage can be done under local anesthesia or sedation.

As a procedure, the doctor makes a small incision in the cyst, drains it, and then inserts a small rubber tube (catheter) into the incision. The catheter stays in place for up to 6 weeks, leaving the incision open for complete drainage.

3- Antibiotics. If the cyst is infected, or if the test finds a sexually transmitted disease, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. However, antibiotics may not be needed if the abscess is properly drained.

In rare cases, for persistent cysts that are not effectively treated with the above procedure, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the Bartholin’s glands. Surgical resection is usually performed at a general anesthesia hospital. Gland removal surgery increases the risk of postoperative bleeding and complications.

Bartholin’s cysts—sometimes known as Bartholin cysts, Bartholin gland cysts, or Bartholin abscesses—occur when a buildup of pus forms a lump in one of the Bartholin’s glands, according to Medline Plus, a resource from the US National Library of Medicine.  You can read about it on health.com

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