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How carcinoid syndrome can affect your health?

Carcinoid syndrome

 

Carcinoid syndrome occurred when a rare cancerous tumor called a carcinoid tumor releases certain chemicals into the bloodstream, causing various signs and symptoms. Carcinoid tumors, a type of neuroendocrine tumor, most commonly occur in the gastrointestinal tract or lungs.

Symptoms

 

Symptoms are non-hormonal and may be secondary to tumor size, so they vary from region to region. Or hormones as a result of carcinoid syndrome. What a tumor causes can include abdominal pain, anemia, pneumonia, cough, and hemoptysis (a cough that produces blood). Carcinoid tumors may be present without causing symptoms and are often undetected for long periods.

Symptoms of Carcinoid Syndrome include episodes of warmth and redness on the face, head, and upper chest. Diarrhea; marked changes in blood pressure (usually hypotension, lowering of blood pressure) with wheezing, such as asthma. Weight loss or gain; not enough feeding; dehydration; weaknesses; muscle and joint pain; digestive ulcers.

Treatment


Treatment of carcinoid syndrome includes treating cancer and may also include medications to control sure signs and symptoms.

Treatment includes:

Surgery. Surgery may be an option to get rid of your cancer or most of your cancer.

A drug that prevents cancer cells from secreting chemicals. Injections of octreotide (Sandostatin) and lanreotide (somatropin depot) can reduce the signs and symptoms of carcinoid syndrome, such as flushing and diarrhea. A drug called a terrorist (Xermelo) can be combined to reduce diarrhea caused by carcinoid syndrome.

A medicine that irradiated cancer cells directly. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) combines drugs that seek out cancer cells and radioactive substances that kill cancer cells. In PRRT of carcinoid tumors, the drug is injected into the body, where it travels to the cancer cells, attaches to the cells, and directly irradiates the cells. This treatment is used in patients with advanced cancer that has not responded to other treatments.

Stops the blood flow to the liver tumor. In a hepatic artery embolization procedure, the doctor inserts a catheter into a needle near the groin area and threads the catheter through the main artery that carries blood to the liver (hepatic artery). Doctors inject particles designed to block hepatic arteries and block blood flow to cancer cells that have spread to the liver. Healthy hepatocytes survive by relying on blood from other blood vessels.

Carcinoid syndrome is a collection of symptoms associated with carcinoid tumours, a kind of cancer. These cancers begin in cells that produce certain chemicals and discharge more of those chemicals into your bloodstream. Read more about it on webmd.com

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