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How Carcinoid Tumor can affect your health?

Carcinoid Tumor

 

Carcinoid tumors are a slow-growing type of cancer that can form in various parts of the body. Carcinoid tumors, a subgroup of tumors called neuroendocrine tumors, usually start in the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, appendix, small intestine, colon, rectum) or lung.

Carcinoid tumors usually do not cause signs or symptoms until the disease is delayed. Carcinoid tumors can produce and release hormones into the body that cause signs and symptoms such as diarrhea and skin flushing.

Symptoms

 

Carcinoid syndrome is a condition associated with the overproduction of certain hormones by the neuroendocrine cells of the tumor. Carcinoid tumors of the lung rarely cause carcinoid syndrome. Symptoms of Carcinoid Syndrome include:

  • Facial flushing (warmth) and redness.
  • Symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath or asthma
  • High blood pressure.
  • Gaining weight.
  • Increased amounts of body hair and facial hair (hirsutism).

Other disorders can cause the symptoms of carcinoid syndrome. It is important to consult your healthcare provider to find out the true cause of your symptoms.

Treatment


Treatment for a carcinoid tumor depends on the location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, the types of hormones the tumor secretes, your general health, and your own preferences.

Carcinoid tumor treatment options may include:

Operation – When detected early, a carcinoid tumor can be completely removed with surgery. If carcinoid tumors have advanced when discovered, complete removal may not be possible. In some cases, surgeons may try to remove as much of the tumor as possible to help control signs and symptoms.

Medicines to control excess hormones-  Using drugs to block hormones secreted by the tumor can reduce the signs and symptoms of carcinoid syndrome and slow tumor growth.

Octreotide (Sandostatin, Bynfezia Pen) and lanreotide (Somatuline Depot) are given as a subcutaneous injection. Side effects of both drugs can include abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea. Telotristat (Xermelo) is a pill sometimes used in combination with octreotide or lanreotide to try to improve symptoms of carcinoid syndrome.

Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy uses powerful drugs to kill tumor cells. It can be given through a vein in your arm or taken as a pill. Chemotherapy is sometimes recommended for the treatment of advanced carcinoid tumors that cannot be removed with surgery.

There’s a lot to take in when your doctor tells you you have a carcinoid tumor. The illness is a sort of cancer, but unlike other types, it can start in more than one place of the body. And depending on where you got it, you could experience a variety of symptoms, ranging from stomach ache to a nasty cough.  Read more about it on Webmd.com

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