Should I stop taking antiplatelet medicines before minor surgery?
Antiplatelet drugs are a type of medication that helps to keep blood clots from forming.
Anti-platelets may be recommended for people who have had a history of:
• Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a heart-related ailment.
• Angina pectoris (chest pain).
• Angina (pain in the chest) (chest pain).
• Ischemic events are classified into two types: strokes and transient. ischemic episodes (TIAs).
• Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an artery-related ailment.
In addition, anti-platelets are used: After angioplasty and stent implantation, or after a heart bypass or valve replacement surgery
What is antiplatelet treatment, and how does it work?
Anti-platelets are medications that stop platelets (blood cells) from sticking together and producing a blood clot.
When your body sustains an injury, platelets are directed to the site of the lesion, where they clump together to form a blood clot. This will bring your body’s bleeding to a halt. This is useful if you have a cut or a wound.
Platelets, on the other hand, can form clumps inside a blood artery that has been damaged, swollen (inflamed), or has plaque accumulation (atherosclerosis).
Platelets may cause a blood clot to form inside the vessel if this happens. Blood clots can form around stents, artificial heart valves, and other devices put in the heart or blood arteries if platelets are present. Antiplatelet drugs work by preventing blood clots from forming.
What is Minor surgery and what it includes?
Minor surgery refers to any invasive operative technique in which only the skin, mucous membranes, and connective tissue are resected, such as vascular cutdown for catheter placement or implanting pumps in subcutaneous tissue. Because the surgical field cannot be adequately sterile, smaller procedures such as tooth extractions and gingival grafts are contemplated. Biopsy is an invasive surgical procedure that involves the use of a needle or trocar to acquire tissue samples or body fluids.
Minor surgical procedures can be performed in the lab with proper aseptic technique, which includes a clean work area, surgical site preparation and disinfection, including hair clipping and surgical scrub, draping of the surgical site with sterile drapes, and masking by the surgeon and any surgical assistants.
You increase your risk of bleeding if you stop using your antiplatelet medication: Antiplatelet therapy increases the risk of bleeding, which might cause complications if a person has non-cardiac surgery. Stopping antiplatelet treatment a few days before surgery may lower the risk of major bleeding. However, failing to take these antiplatelet medications may increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, or death.