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What causes bleeding between periods?

Any bleeding that occurs after a period has ended or before the next period is supposed to begin is referred to as bleeding between periods. A person may notice light brown stains in their underwear or a heavy flow that resembles a period when this happens. Menstrual bleeding is known medically as metrorrhagia. It’s also known as spots or breakthrough bleeding.

The average cycle lasts between 21 and 35 days. The duration of your period, commonly known as vaginal bleeding, can range from a few days to a week. Any bleeding outside of this range is considered abnormal and could be caused by a variety of factors. Here are a few examples:

The following are the reasons for  vaginal bleeding during periods:

  • Fibroids in the uterus, as well as cervical or uterine polyps
  • Hormone levels fluctuate
  • Cervicitis is an inflammation or infection of the cervix or uterus (endometritis)
  • Injuries to the vaginal opening or diseases of the vaginal opening (caused by intercourse, trauma, infection, polyp, genital warts, ulcer, or varicose veins)
  • Use of an IUD (may cause occasional spotting)
  • Ectopic pregnancy is a word used to describe a pregnancy that occurs outside of the womb
  • Miscarriage
  • Other complications that may occur during pregnancy
  • Vaginal dryness after menopause owing to a lack of oestrogen
  • Stress
  • Using hormonal birth control in a non-consistent manner (such as stopping and starting or skipping birth control pills, patches, or oestrogen rings)
  • Thyroid dysfunction (low thyroid function)
  • Anticoagulants are utilised
  • Cervix, uterus, or (very rarely) fallopian tube cancer or pre-cancer
  • Other procedures may include a pelvic exam, cervical biopsy, endometrial biopsy, or other tests.
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